Inula Royleana
Midwest Gardening
Best Performing Perennials A-C

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Proven perennial winners hardy in northern and midwest climates

Listed here are some of the most reliable hardy perennials for northern and midwest gardens.  Keep in mind that a severe winter in your zone may actually expose your plants to conditions of a more northern zone.  Some winter protection is always recommended in the north or midwest garden to ensure that your perennials survive whatever the weather presents, even hardy perennials.  Hardy perennials heavily protected with deep mulch, leaves mounded in and around the base, and a good snow cover will often survive winters in zones north of their hardiness rating.

Development of a perennial database is underway!  Check it out!


Adnophora LiliifoliaFull sun to mostly shade  Hardy in zones 3-9. Also known as ladybells or Adenophora common-lady bells or grannybellsgrannybells, this perennial spreads prolifically by seed as well as with aggressive runners.  Large groupings can be quite striking with delicate purple-blue nodding bells born atop light green foliage, blooming from late summer to autumn.  Supporting stems are tall and strong.  This very adaptable perennial tolerates a wide variety of soil and light exposure. Well drained soil is a must, but moist rich soil is preferred.  Adnophora will do very well in warm southern climates as an alternative to its’ relative, Campanula.  The plant grows to 18” high and 12” wide.  Deadhead to prevent reseeding.  Deep roots make division difficult.  Adnorphora is a long living perennial.  more info...Adenophora by Su Neko








Agastache:  Full sun to light shade Hardy in zones 5-10B.  Agastache is a perennial also known as Hyssop and hummingbird mint.  This is a genus with a broad variety of species, all of which attract butterflies and hummingbirds.  In general they all enjoy full sun, bloom from midsummer to autumn, are drought tolerant, and are excellent container plants.  Growth habit is upright with tall flower spikes.  Removing spent spikes will encourage more blooming.  Although a southwestern species, certain agastache can thrive even in cold wet winters of the northeast, but most prefer the drier zone 5 and warmer growing areas.  Agastache comes through winter best if you do NOT cut back.  Cut back to about 4” in spring.  Most Agastache self seed readily, so deadhead to prevent reseeding.

Agastache foeniculumAgastache foeniculum or anethiodorum is one of the best for the north central growing zones.  Since it is found native in northern Wisconsin, it should be hardy to zone 4.  It is commonly called anise hyssop or Blue Giant Hyssop.  The leaves are often used for seasonings and tea, emitting an aroma similar to mint, anise or licorice.    It grows up to 4 feet tall and produces dense spikes of bright blue tubular flowers in July and August.  It grows sturdy and erect.  Blue Giant prefers full sun and well drained soil, but will do quite well in part shade with moist conditions.  For fragrance and attracting wildlife, this is a must have in the north central garden.  Deer resistant!  more info...


Agastache 'Blue Fortune'Agastache ‘Blue Fortune’ is a long blooming perennial with masses of powder blue bloom spikes produces July through October.  Blooming is robust and nearly nonstop in late summer when so many other flowers are waning.  It grows to 3 or 4 feet high with a spread of 15 -18”.  ’Blue Fortune’ is part of the group referred to as the Hummingbird Mints.  The leaves can be used to flavor cold drinks or as a potpourri, both the leaves and flowers are edible.  It is one of the hardiest Agastches that may also do well up to zone 4, tolerating moist winters if planted in well drained soil.  Grow in full sun or part shade, but too much shade will produce lanky growth.  ‘Blue Fortune’ is best grown in groups of 3 or more for best visual impact, or massed at the back of a border.  Self seeds.  Deer resistant is a bonus!  more info...



Agastache 'Black Adder' w salvia in foregroundAgastache ‘Black Adder’ has a deep purple stalk with nearly black, deep violet blue buds opening to smoky blue blooms, creating a striking look in midsummer.  It is perhaps the longest blooming Agastache, beginning earlier in summer.  The foliage is of course, licorice scented, and the bees and butterflies love this plant.  ‘Black Adder’ grows to about 2 1/2 or 3 feet high and about 15” wide.  This Agastache requires well drained soil and is hardy in zones 6 - 9.  ‘Black Adder’ is sterile and will NOT self seed.  more info...


Agastache 'Tutti Frutti'Agastache ‘Tutti Frutti’, as you might guess, has a fruit scented foliage.  Vivid raspberry red blooms grow loosely on long, 2 to 3 foot stems from July to frost.  Gray green foliage is a nice contrast to the bright blooms.  It reaches an overall height of 3 - 4 feet, but with consistent moisture can even reach 5 feet tall.  Spread can be between 1 and 3 feet.  ‘Tutti Fruiti’ must have full sun in zone 6.  Hardy in zones 6 - 9 in the south, 10 in the west, tolerating heat and dry conditions well.  more info...



Asiatic lily (also Oriental lily):  (lilium)  Full sun to part shade Hardy in zones 3Hardy Perennial Asiatic Lily bed-8.  Striking masses of blooms in pinks, whites, yellows and reds.  Oriental lilies generally are larger overall with slightly larger blooms, often blooming later than Asiatics.  Asiatics are available in more colors and multiply more rapidly.  They are easier to grow than Orientals and tolerate a wide range of soils.  Orientals however are fragrant and sometimes have more “tropical” looking blooms.  Blooms generally in June and July and are great cut flowers.  Corms multiply rapidly, divide and/or thin as needed - they dig up and separate easily.  Divide every 3 to 5 years.  Lilium is hardy and strong, but if grown in too Hardy Perennial Oriental Lily 'Arena'much shade the stems may become spindly and have trouble supporting the masses of blooms.  Give them at least 6 to 8 hours for strong plants.  Lilium does not like wet soils, clay soil should be amended with organic material or peat to improve drainage.  Most liliums are hardy to zone 4, some to zone 3.  Should not need winter protection up to zone 4 if snow cover is dependable, at least 3 inches of mulch is recommended.  Most varieties are about 4 feet tall, but can be as short as 2 feet and as tall as 5 feet.




Aster (hardy):  Full sun to light shade  Hardy in zones 5-9, some to zone 3.  The hardy perennial asters are fairly long lived and easy to grow and care for.  Blooming later in summer and fall, they are a nice addition to the garden when other perennials and even the annuals are fading.  They prefer reasonably fertile soil that is moist and do not like drought, so keep them watered in dry periods.  Grown in rich soil, the plants get quite tall.  The common asters, novi-belgii’,  are not hardy north of zone 5, the New England Asters are generally hardy to zone 3 or 4 and are semi-woody.  Divide every three years in spring.  Asters are excellent cut flowers.

Aster novi-belgii 'Alert'A. x novi-belgii  ‘Alert’ has double vivid red-purple blooms with bright yellow centers.  This traffic stopper has a long bloom period, beginning in August or September and continuing through September, even into October in most regions.  The low growing perennial has a neat growing habit making excellent for front of the border, in containers, and cut for fresh arrangements.  Plant in full sun with fertile, moist soil.  Rich soils will produce taller plants.  Will tolerate heavy, wet soil  Mature height is 12 - 15” and spreads about 18”.  To encourage fuller branching and more blooms, pinch the plant back only until the fourth of July, but blooming may be slightly delayed.  ‘Alert’ is long living and resists disease, occasionally bothered with powdery mildew.  Allow enough space to provide good air circulation to reduce the incidence of mildew.  Divide in spring every few years.  Attracts butterflies, deer resistant.  Hardy in zones 4 - 8, has also proven hardy in zone 3.  more info...


Aster frikartii 'Monch' by KennyA. x frikartii ‘Monch’ bear masses of 2 1/2” blooms on 2 - 3 foot graceful stems all summer.  The lavender blue, daisy like flowers with yellow-orange centers, bloom early, beginning in July, through September or longer.  Blooming is most prolific in full sun, but will do well in part shade.  The plants are compact and multi stemmed, growing to 2 feet tall.  Spread is about 3 feet with an open habit.  Grow in average soil, moist but well drained.  Pinching back in summer before blooming is often recommended to control plant size, but it will also delay the bloom period.  Many growers suggest that ‘Monch’ is hardy in zones 5 - 8, but they are not reliable in zone 5, or even 6A.  They need a protected location and mulching to protect the crowns.  Mildew, disease, and deer resistant.  more info...


New England Aster novae-angliae 'Alma Potschke'A. novae-angliae (New England Aster) ‘Alma Potschke’ has very showy red pink blooms with yellow centers cover the plant from late summer into late fall.   Grow in full to mostly sunny in normal garden soil, will do well in clay but of course prefers well drained soil.  ‘Alma Potschke’ is quite tolerant of wet conditions and are mildew resistant.  This aster is fast growing with a compact upright habit and reaches 30-42” tall with an equal spread.  Being native to Eastern and Central United States, it is hardy in zones 4 - 8.  Reportedly hardy even in zone 3 but may need winter protection in exposed areas.  Divide every few years in spring, be warned that the woody roots will require a strong and sharp spade to slice through.  more info...

A. novae-angliae (New England Aster) ‘Harrington’s Pink’   more info...

Hardy Perennial Dwarf white aster ‘Purple Dome’ is a sun lover hardy to zone 3, with deep blue-purple blooms in fall.  Stems are sturdy and don’t need support.  more info... ‘Stoke’s Aster’ is hardy to zone 5 with lavender flowers 2-5” on 1 to 2 foot stems.  Dwarf varieties are also available, growing to 8-12”, and are often hardy to zone 4.  Plant asters in waves or masses for dramatic effect.  Propagate by seed or division, divide every 3 to 4 years.


Astilbe:  (Astilbe spp)  Part shade to shade Zones 4-8, some to zone 3.Hardy Perennial Astilbe  A long blooming shade loving perennial hardy to zone 3 or 4.  They thrive in moist shade with dark green feathery  foliage and bright airy plumes of red, white or pink in late spring to mid summer.  Astilbe will do well along water features that are moist or even very wet, if shaded.  The Chinese species, A.chinensis, may withstand more heat, humidity, and slightly drier conditions..  Will tolerate sun if well watered.  2 to 3’ tall, propagate by division.  Plant in masses for a bright drift in dark areas.  Fresh or dried plumes are wonderful in floral arrangements.  more info...





Azalea, deciduous:  (Rhododendron canescens)  Sun-part shade Zones Hardy Azealea 'Golden Lights'4-9.  Shade loving flowering shrub, actually.  The spectacular blooming qualities and wide variety of this flowering shrub frequently places it in the garden bed to start the spring perennial show.  Azalea is generally hardy for zones 5-9;  For zone 4, ‘Golden Lights’ is bred to withstand -30 F, and is mildew resistant with golden blooms in late spring.  ‘Yaku Princess’ is hard to find, and not quite as hardy as ‘Golden Lights’, but may make it in zone 4 with protection.  Azalea are shallow rooted and should not be planted too deep.  They prefer a cool, moist organic soil and are not tolerant of dry periods, make sure they get enough water.  Rhododendrons continue to grow well into autumn and are susceptible to early freeze damage.  Water thoroughly until the ground freezes to allow the plant to properly acclimate to winter.  Evergreen Azalea and Rhododendron are susceptible to dessication (drying out from winter winds and lack of moisture.  Applications of an anti-transpirant in December and February will help prevent the foliage from drying, turning brown and dropping off.


Baby’s Breath:  (Gypsophila paniculata)  Full sun Hardy in zones 3-7.  Hardy Perennial Gypsophilia 'Baby's Breath'Often grown for cutting, they are also great ”arrangement fillers” in the garden.  the plant grows into 3’ balls of white flowers.  They prefer full sun and well drained, alkaline soil.  Gypsophila repens ‘Silver Carpet’ is hardy to zone 3, with silvery gray foliage with white edging.  Grows to only 18”, making it a good choice for edging or at the front of the border garden.  Be careful not to get the annual ‘Baby’s Breath’, which is also available in pinks and blues, as well as white



Balloon Flower:(Platycodon)  Full sun to part shade  Hardy in zones 3-8.  Hardy PerennialBalloon FlowerPuffy buds open to bell shaped flowers with five points of blue, white or pink.  This perennial is slow to break dormancy in spring so be patient, signs of life will not appear until late spring.  Grows 18-24” tall, stake the plants before flowering, if they fall over the stem will break.  Prefers some sun but will tolerate shade.  Deadhead to encourage repeat flowering.  Divide clumps in spring or fall, but division is not usually necessary, and should not be disturbed unless necessary after established.  The plant is known to re seed, deadheading will reduce seed production.  Balloon flower is a long living perennial.  It will benefit from winter protection in zones 3 and 4, Hardy Perennial Platycodon 'Balloon Flower'mulching 3-4” thick should do it.





Bee Balm:  (Monarda)  Full sun to part shade  Hardy in zones 3-10.  Hardy Perennial Monarda, Bee BalmMonarda is a butterfly magnet.  They are easy to grow in fertile soil, but can be susceptible to mildew, so dry conditions in sun is best.  ‘Marshall’s Delight’  has spikey globe-shaped pink heads with minty foliage.  ‘Gardenview Scarlet’ has red “mophead” flowers and grows to 2-3 feet.  Both are mildew resistant.  Most varieties grow to 28-40” tall and bloom in midsummer.  They prefer sun, but may tolerate some light shade.  Some are hardy to zone 3, many will survive in zone 3 with protection.  Can be invasive, so divide every 2 to 3 years in spring or fall (fall is best), which will also reduce mildew by thinning and increasing air circulation.  Failing to divide may also encourage crown rot.  Drought resistant, but may be short lived in hot dry regions.



Bellflower:  (Campanula spp.)  Full sun to part shade Hardy in zones 3-9.  Hardy perennial Campanula LatifoliaIn the north, campanula will tolerate full sun if not allowed to dry out, but most benefit from some shade, and some are hardy to zone 3 or 4 but not all.  Flowers are bell shaped in blue, blue-purple, or white, some blooming from spring to fall.  A range of varieties from small mounding plants excellent for edging a garden bed, to tall back of the border varieties.  Taller varieties may need staking.  Propagate by division, some propogate fairly easily by seed.  Division in fall is best, but may be divided in early spring.

C. lactiflora are all hardy to zone 4 and bloom from around mid July into September.  Blooms are violet blue, and they enjoy moist shade, but can tolerate dry shade.


Hardy Perennial Campanula PersicifoliaC. persicifolia  blooms white or blue in early summer and is 2 to 3 feet tall with strong stems.  It tolerates dry shade, and is easy to grow from seed.  Very heat and cold tolerant, it is hardy to zone 4.


C. poscharskyana has blue blooms, growing to 1 foot or taller and spreads easily.  Commonly know as blue or white clips (or chips), they are non stop bloomers excellent for edging a border or in rock gardens.  Both blue and white clips self sow, blue clips more readily.  Both are easily divided in spring or fall.   more info on Campanula


Black-Eyed Susan:  (Rudbeckia)  Full sun  Hardy in zones 4-9  One of many Hardy Perennial Black Eyed Susan, RudbeckiaRudbeckias, Black-Eyed Susan has striking bright gold daisy blooms from mid summer until frost.  Great for cut flowers.  They are very easy to grow and drought tolerant.  They spread easily, be prepared to thin out as necessary.  Propogate by division, fall is the best time, but they may be divided in early spring.  They grow 2 to 3 feet tall.  See additional Rudbeckias.



Bleeding Heart:  (Dicentra spp.)  Half to full shade  Zones 3-8 or 9.  This Hardy Perennial Bleeding HeartNorth American native loves shade and evenly moist soil.  Clusters of heart shaped pendant blooms of pink, rose or white from mid spring to summer on arching stems.  Bleeding Heart prefers slightly acidic soil, moist and rich.  Dig in some peat moss when planting.  divid in early spring.  The old fashioneds are most cold tolerant.

Common Bleeding Heart Dicentra spectabilis)  has pink or white flowers and does fine in partial shade.  Hardy to zone 2 or 3 with mulching.

King of Hearts has rosy pink flowers off and on all summer.  Will tolerate near full sun to light shade and is hardy to zone 4.  Snowdrift, Luxuriant and Zestful are dwarf varieties.  more info....


Brunnera:  (Brunnera macrophylla)  Light shade to shade  Zones 3-8.  Hardy Perennial Brunnera 'Jack Frost' in bloomHosta-like plant with forge-me-not--like flowers.  They are easy to grow in light shade and are cold tolerant, but needs moist soil and lots of organic matter.  All vaieteis have interesting foliage, and flowers in lavender blues of pink.  ‘Jack Frost’ has heart shaped leaves with a crackled silvery white overly.  Sky-blue flowers appear in spring.  Grows to about 12-18” high and wide.

more info...



Centaurea (Perennial Cornflower):  Full sun  Hardy in zones 3-9.  An Hardy Perennial Centauria Montanaunusual flower with 2 inch showy blue flowers with spider-like petals, and is long blooming.  Centaurea is one of many varieties of Bachelor Buttons.  ‘Montana’ has dark green foliage and flowers in late spring, re-blooming in fall if cut back after the first bloom, and is 2’ high.  ‘Gold Bullion’ has bold/chartreuse foliage, is 12-15” high and may also rebloom if cut back promptly.  Needs good drainage, will spread (but not be invasive) best in enriched soil.  ‘Gold Bullion’ is triking in small clumps, breathtaking as a ground cover.  Centaurea is tolerant of dry conditions.  Plant in sun to light shade.  Divid in spring or fall every 2 to 3 years to minimize spreading.  May be hard to find, try Wayside Gardens, or Bluestone Perennials, or Whiteflower Farms.  more info....


Clematis:  Full Sun, some in light shade  Zones 4-8, some to zone 3.  Hardy Perennial Jackmanii ClematisWith so few climbers hardy enough for the true northern garden, clematis is a must have.  Selection for zone 4 is excellent, and several are hardy to zone 3, Wayside Gardens even offering a zone 2, Silmakivi Clematis.  Also offered by Wayside Gardens ia a new miniature, Clematis Bourbon.  At 3-4 feet, it is perfect for containers, with a small pillar or a mailpost, or tumbling down a slope.  All are long bloomers, but start at varying times.  some can tolerate light shade.  Height can range from 4-8 feet, for posts, pillar frames or tall arches.  Follow pruning instructions or you may lose all your next seasons blooms!  Jackmanii hybrid is used widely in the north.  an old fashioned, it is hardy to zone 4, and produces abundant 4 tHardy Perennial Clematis 'Sweet Autumn'o 7 inch deep purple flowers on new wood.  Jackmani should be cut back to a few inches in early spring and remove all vines.  Plant all clematis deep, as much as several inches deeper than they grew in the pot so the crown is 3 to 4 inches below the soil level.  and be sure to keep the roots cool by shading from surrounding plants, and the plant in full sun.  Feel all clematis every 4 to 6 weeks with a 10-10-10- fertilizer, do not use manure around the plant, and do not mulch around the crown to avoid fungus.  If you soil is acid, add a little lime to the soil when planting.



Chrysanthemum:  Full sun  Hardy in zones 5-9, some in zone 4.  Perennial Hardy Garden MumsHundreds of mum species area available, be sure to select one hardy for your zone.  And unknown to most gardeners, blooming mums purchased and planted in the fall, do not overwinter well.  They should be planted in the spring so they are well established over the summer.  Even then, mulch heavily at least the first winter, especially in zones 4 and 5.  Leaves of the hardy garden mum are aromatic and the stems are strong enough to hold the showy flowers.  Decreasing day length initiate the late season blooms.  Well drained, evenly moist soil and full sun is required.  Pinch back frequently until July to encourage a full bushy plant, loaded with blooms.  Propagate by cuttings or by division.


Columbine:  (Aquilegia)  FAquilegia plantull sun to part shade  Hardy in zones 3-9.  These are graceful flowers with spurs extending from the base of the bloom that attract butterflies and hummingbirds, and resists deer and rabbits.  Pick them when half open for a lovely cut flower.  The Latin word aqulinum means “eagle like” - the spurs of the bloom suggesting talons of an eagle.  However not all cultivars have spurs.  When grown in zones 9 and 10, columbine must have shade to survive.  In zone 3, winter protection of heavy mulch is advised.  Plant Aquilegia where the exquisitely unusual blooms can be viewed close up.  The plant itself can become somewhat unattractive late in summer, so combine them with low growing greenery so the blooms rise above for a lovely display.  Aquilegia is available in single or bicolors in red, yellow, blue, or white as well as single and double blooms.  Be aware that most varieties self seed.  They are very adaptable and easy to grow in average well drained soil.  Columbine will not tolerate heavy, poorly drained soil.  To maintain attractive foliage, the soil must be kept uniformly  moist.  When the foliage does become ragged, cut to the ground.  Columbine is often referred to as Granny’s Bonnet.


Aquilegia McKanaAquilegia ‘McKana Hybrids’ are the standard by which all other aquilegia are judged.  They are medium to tall, up to 30”, with a wide range of colors available.  Colors tend to be pastel but some are bright, all are certainly colorful.  The blooms have long spurs, are nodding, and are bi-colored.  They typically bloom in April and May.  The foliage is gray green with a clump forming habit.  more info...


Aquilegia McKana Hybrid


Aquilegia Winky 'Blue and White'Aquilegia vulgaris ‘Winky Series’ is a dwarf to semi-dwarf series that are terrific for container gardening.  They are generally about 10-12” in a container and may get up to 18” when used in the landscape.  This award winning series produces upward facing blooms and are bicolor in red, purple, blue, or rose.  Each are combined with white.  Spurs are short.  There are also double blooming Winky varieties.  The plants are compact and the stems are sturdy.  more info...




Aquilegia Winky Double 'Red and White'


Aquilegia chrysantha 'Yellow Queen' by by Tim WatersAquilegia chrysantha ‘Yellow Queen’ columbine Blooms in April and May in sunny yellow single blooms with long spurs.  The coloring is superior to most yellow columbines, being solid and bright.  It reaches 2 to 3 feet tall with a similar spread.  ‘Yellow Queen’ is a clump forming cultivar.  The blooms tend to be upward facing and fragrant.    Encourage additional blooming by removing spend flower stems.  Bluish green foliage is fernlike.  The foliage often becomes unnattractive by mid summer and should be cut to the ground.  ‘Yellow Queen’ columbine does reseed, and is easily grown from seed.  more info...



Aquilegia columbine 'BiedermeierAquilegia ‘Biedermeier’ columbine will tolerate a bit drier soil conditions than most columbines, and is more cold hardy.  It easily withstands zone 3 winters and will probably survive in zone 2 if heavily mulched.    Dense clusters of blooms  are produced in early spring into summer, and is frequently offered as a pastel mix.  The blooms tend face more forward than most columbine.  Foliage has a mounding habit with fine texture.  ‘Biedermeir’ is the lowest growing columbine, but the blooms stems reach 18”, and spreads only about a foot.  This is also an excellent choice for high altitudes and rock gardens.   ‘Biedermeier’ is a relatively short lived perennial, lasting only a few to at most several years.  Self seeds readily.  Not particularly attractive to hummingbirds and butterflies.  more info...


Aquilegia columbine 'Canadensis'Aquilegia ‘Canadensis’ columbine produces striking red blooms streaked with yellow in early spring into summer.  Like most columbine, the blooms nod downward.  ‘Canadensis’ is native to much of the eastern half of the US, and is referred often to as Wild Red Columbine.  The foliage is divided and attractive in a light green.  Foliage remains fresh longer than other columbines, and reaches at least 1 to 2 feet high and spreads 1 to 1 1/2 feet.  ‘Canadensis’ reproduces easily by seed and can also be reproduced with divisions.  A wide range of soil types are tolerated as well as occasional dry spells.  more info...




Aquilegia 'Lime Sorbet'Aquilegia vulgaris ‘Lime Sorbet’ is spur-less with double pom-pom blooms.  This is a newer variety with large, striking, lime green blooms.  The blooms nod above blue green foliage that spreads up to 3 feet, with the blooms reaching up to 39”.  The foliage has a clump forming growth habit that remains neat.  Eventually the lime green begins to soften, fading to pure white.  ‘Lime Sorbet’ blooms in late spring into early summer, and is hardy in zones 3 - 9. 




Aquilegia vulgaris 'Blue Barlow'Aquilegia vulgaris ‘Blue Barlow’ produces fully double, deep violet blue blooms without spurs.  The blooms are large and resemble a dahlia.  These flowers are ideal for cutting.  Foliage is gray green and deeply divided.  Blooms in spring, May and June.  There are several varieties in the Barlow series that are double and spurless, including ‘Barlow Red’, ‘Black Barlow’, ‘Barlow Bordeaux’, ‘Barlow Christa’, ‘Barlow Rose’ and others.  Most are tall, reaching as high as 32” with a 14 - 16” spread.  more info...



Coneflower:  (Echinacea)  Full sun  Hardy in zones 3-9.  This North Hardy Perennial Echinacea 'Fragrant Angel'American native comes from the daisy family.  Droopy daisy-like flowers are produced from late June until frost, in bright colors.  It is very easy to grow, requiring only ordinary soil, and is quite tolerant of heat, drought, cold and poor soil.  Cut flowers are long lasting, or left on the plant the cone in the flowerhead supplies nourishment for birds.  E. pupurea is a rugged species, ‘Fragrant Angel’ is hardy to zone 3.  One of the few fragrant Coneflowers, it has double rows of white petals held horizontally.  Strong branches make great bouquets.  ‘Coconut Lime’ is also hardy in zone 3, a double flowering white bloom has large flower heads with a row of white petals surrounding a lime green pHardy Perennial Echinacea 'Coconut Lime'ompom cone of lime green.   Propogate by division in fall.  more info...







Coral Bells:  (Heuchera sanguinea)  Sun to full shade  Hardy in zones 4-9.  Hardy Perennial Heuchera Coral BellsThere are many varieties, all with dainty bell-shaped flowers on long stems, and new hybrids with a bronzy foliage.  Many varieties have foliage in interesting colors and or textures and grow in neat mounds from 12 to 18”.  Most prefer light shade, some prefer sun, especially in the north.  Plant in moist but well drained, organically enriched soil.  Coral bells are resistant to disease, drought and pests.  ‘Crimson Curls’ is long blooming with cream flowers atop the curliest purply color leaves.  This one is hardy to zone 3.




Coreopsis:  Full sun  Hardy in zones 3-9, some to zone 2.  Coreopsis is a Hardy Perennial Coreopsisbright and cheery perennial that blooms all summer.  They are very easy to grow in well drained soil.  Hot, dry conditions don’t bother coreopsis at all.  Cut back after the first bloom to encourage continued blooming.  ‘Moonbeam’ has pale yellow flowers produced profusely all summer, floating atop delicate foliage. After flowering is finished, cut back all the stems to a nice foliage mound.  ‘Moonbeam’ is hardy to zone 3.  The new ‘Jethro Tull’ has very unique flower petals.  They are produced as a “tube” and notched, in bright yellow.  Flowers are produced all summer, deadhead to encourage the flowering.  Propagate by division in fall.  It is hardy to zone 5,  more info...Hardy Perennial Coreopsis Jethro Tull




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